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APA Guide  

Your guide to everything APA
Last Updated: Oct 23, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates
Montante Family Library Subject Guide Print Page

Academic Integrity

Students are expected to conduct themselves with integrity and honesty while completing course requirements and complying with college academic regulations. Violations of academic integrity include, but are not limited to the following:

(A) Plagiarism: The presentation of another’s writing or another’s ideas as one’s own without citation;

(B) Cheating: The use of provision of any unauthorized assistance when completing an exam or individual assignment;

(C) Falsification: The  fabrication of signatures, notes, reports, data, or other academic information; the submission of reports, papers or exams prepared by a person other than the student; this includes purchasing or selling term papers or other academic materials.

(D) Procurement: the distribution or acceptance of prior or current lab assignments, exams or other academic matter without the permission of the instructor.

(E) Co-submission: the submission, without permission of the instructor, of academically required materials previously or contemporaneously submitted in whole or in substantial part in another course.

For more information, please refer to the D'Youville Undergraduate Catalog's section entitled Academic Policies and Procedures found here:


Why APA?

The American Psychological Association (APA) style is commonly used for citing references in student papers in science and social science courses, such as psychology, nursing, and social work.

APA (American Psychological Association) is a way of citing references and organizing your academic writing. There are other different citation styles; however, APA is used mostly in the sciences and social sciences such as psychology, nursing, and social work. You will use APA in a variety of ways throughout your academic career: term papers, research reports, literature reviews, articles, etc.


Formating Your Paper

Here are the basic rules of formatting when it comes to APA papers; however, be sure to double check with your professor for the specifics of how your paper should be presented.

  • Double space everything
  • User a serif font (such as Times New Roman) for the body of the paper; use a sans serif font (such as Ariel) for labels
  • 1-inch margins
  • Running header
  • Flush text left
  • Do not divide or hyphenate words at the ends of lines
  • Use abbreviations sparingly
  • Title should be very concise

Heading formats in APA papers

 Level of heading



 Centered, Bold, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading


 Flush left, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading


    Indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period.


    Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period.


    Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period.


Basic In-Text Citations

Follow this chart for when you are paraphrasing your information: (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 177) 

 Type of citation

First citation

Subsequent citations

First citation, parenthetical

Subsequent citations, parenthetical

 One work by one author

 Walker (2007)

Walker (2007)

(Walker, 2007)

(Walker, 2007)

 One work by two authors

Walker and Allen (2004)

 Walker and Allen (2004)

 (Walker & Allen, 2004)

 (Walker & Allen, 2004)

 One work by three authors

Bradley, Ramirez, and Soo (1999)

 Bradley et al. (1999)

 (Bradley, Ramierz, & Soo, 1999)

 (Bradley et al., 1999)

One work by four authors

Bradley, Ramirez, Soo, and Walsh (2006)

 Bradley et al. (2006)

 (Bradley, Ramierz, Soo, & Walsh, 2006)

 (Bradley et al., 2006)

One work by five authors

Walker, Allen, Bradley, Ramirez, and Soo (2008)

 Walker et al. (2008)

 (Walker, Allen, Bradley, Ramirez, & Soo, 2008)

 (Walker et al., 2008)

 One work by six or more authors

Wasserstein et al. (2005)

 Wasserstein et al. (2005)

 (Wasserstein et al., 2005)

 (Wasserstein et al. 2005)

Groups (with identifiable abbreviation) as authors

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2003)

 NIMH (2003)

 (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2003)

 (NIMH, 2003)

Groups (no abbreviation) as authors

University of Pittsburg (2005)

University of Pittsburg (2005)

(University of Pittsburg, 2005)

(University of Pittsburg, 2005)

When quoting directly from a source you must include the page number. For example:

  • Jones (1998) found "students often had difficulty using APA style" (p. 199); what implications does this have for teachers?
  • She stated, "Students often had difficulty using APA style" (Jones, 1998, p. 199), but she did not offer an explanation as to why.

If the quote is 40 words or longer use a block quote. Start the block quote on a new line, indent the entire quote a half-inch (as you would a normal paragraph), and omit the quotes:

Jones's (1998) study found the following:
    Students often had difficulty using APA style,
    especially when it was their first time citing sources.
    This difficulty could be attributed to the fact that many
    students failed to  purchase a style manual or to ask   
    their teacher for help. (p. 199)

Debbie Lucas-Alfieri

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APA Citation

Works Cited Page



The D'Youville Library Research Team has created this tool as a guide to better assist students in understanding the sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. With collaboration from the DYC Learning Center's APA resources, this guide reinforces and summarizes some of the most important details of the APA manual. To see the manual itself, or to clarify anything found on this guide, feel free to contact the research desk at the contact information provided above.

More Resources

Mary Applegate has compiled APA presentations to help all DYC students learn everything they need to know about APA. Check out her presentations from the Learning Center's web page below:


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